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Argentina - Tango, Buenos Aires, Gauchos

Argentina is situated between the Andes mountains to the west and the Atlantic ocean to the east. It borders Paraguay, Bolivia, Brazil, Uruguay and Chile. It is the second largest country in South America (after Brazil) and home to approximately 40,000,000 people. The country consists of 23 provinces and the autonomous capital Buenos Aires. Argentina is about 3,900 km (2,400 mi) long from north to south, and 1,400 km (870 mi) from east to west. The country has four major geographical regions - The sub-tropical northern flats of Gran Chaco, the fertile central plains of the Pampas, the southern Patagonian plateau and the mountainous border with Chile to the west.
Argentina is Latin America’s third-largest economy and ranks highly in the UN Human Development Index. The country is a founding member of the UN and many other high-profile international organisations and treaties. It is one of the G-20 major economies.

Quick Facts:

  • It is the largest Spanish-speaking country in the world and the eighth-largest country in the world
  • The country is famous for Tango, and Tango shows are a big tourist attraction
  • In 2010, Argentina became the first country in Latin America to legalise same-sex marriage
  • There is a Welsh settlement in Argentinian Patagonia where Welsh in still spoken as a first language by many
  • The fauna of Argentina is very diverse, ranging from big cats like pumas and jaguars in the north to large birds like Andean Condors in the south, to marine life including dolphins salmon and sharks
  • Argentina was second only to the U.S in the numbers of European immigrants recieved during the 19th and 20th century.

Weather and Climate

Like Chile, you name it they’ve got it! Argentina ranges from subtropical in the north, with hot thunderstorms in summer, to sub-polar in the far south. The middle of the country has a generally temperate climate. The hottest and coldest temperatures recorded in South America have both been in Argentina. In Patagonia, the far south, 17 hours of daylight is not uncommon in summer from November to February.